Brief history of the district
Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic — is an autonomous republic within the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-western edge of the Lower Caucasus. Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is predominantly mountainous. With the transfer of Zangazur region of Azerbaijan to Armenia in 1921, the territory of Nkhchivan became isolated from the mainland Azerbaijan. Nakhchivan AR shares borders with Armenia, Iran and Turkey. An important aspect of the region is its location on historical trade routes being a hub between the West and East. Therefore the region has received the name “Orient’s Door”. Nakhchivan is the most ancient Azerbaijani land with a long history and rich material and cultural monuments. Back in the Neolithic Age the local tribes of this area lived a sedentary life, and were involved in various activities and arts. The area was referred to as "Nakhchuan", "Nakhchuan" or "Nagshejahan". In many Persian and Turkic sources Nakhchivan is referred to as “Nagshijahan”. Various sources mention that the word “Nakhchivan” is of Turkic origin. In Greek the name of the city is "Naksuana", in Pahlavi "Nakhch", in Arabic "Nashava" or there are also versions such as Akchivan-Nakhchivan-Oghuz land of white brave men. Recent research associates the origin of the word Nakhchivan with the word "Nahhunte" in Elam language. When considering the antiquity of the toponym “Van”, it can be assumed that the original name of the city was Nahhuntevan. This name might have been assimilated and changed to Nakhchivan. In the summer of 1917, local gobernment authorities of the interim government in Nakhchivan region were established. The armed troops of Armenian dashnaks in the early 1918 committed bloodsheds in Nakhchivan. While Baku was in the hands of dashnaks, actual help could only come to Nakhchivan National Committee from Turkey. Turkish troops came to the aid of Nakhchivan with Khalil bey commanding.
Nakhchivan was named Nakhchivan Soviet Socilaist Republic on 16 March 1921, after 16 June 1923 Nakhchivan region, on 9 February 1924 Nakhchivan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and fianlly Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic on 17 November 1990. The area of the district is 5463 km2, and it has a population of 413.382 (14 June 2011). There are 1102 families - 4.081 persons and 251 families – 970 persons settled in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic as a result of the aggressive policy of Armenian occupiers.
A number of decrees have been signed by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan in connection with the upgrading of the court system in Azerbaijan. Thus, The Court on Cases of Serious Crimes of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was established by the Decree No352 dated 19 January 2006 issued by the President of Azerbaijan. The court started functioning on 30 July 2007 with a panel of 3 judges. The name of the court was changed to Court of Serious Crimes of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic based on the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan No 1043-IIIDQ, dated 22 June 2010. The court covers the entire territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.