As a result of the reforms carried out in Azerbaijan, a new body - Judicial-Legal Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan, which is a self-governing body of the judicial power, was established in February 2005. The 15 member Judicial-Legal Council is mainly composed of 9 judges, as well as representatives of other branches of the government and the prosecutor’s office which is a party to a court proceeding.
Organization of selection of candidates who are not judges to vacant judicial posts, evaluation of the activity of judges, transfering of judges to different judicial posts, their promotion, calling judges to disciplinary liability, as well as other issues related to courts and judges are under the competence of the Council.
The procedure of disciplinary liability of judges has been recently reviewed and special focus has been given to the independence of the Judiciary.
During the past years, as a result of a principal evaluation of the activity of judges, authorities of about 40 judges were terminated, and the number of judges was increased by 50%.During the past years, as a result of a principal evaluation of the activity of judges, authorities of about 40 judges were terminated, and the number of judges was increased by 50%.
The legal foundation of the activity of the Judicial-Legal Council is the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan, international treaties to which it is a party, law “on Judicial-Legal Council”, law “on Courts and Judges” and other legislative acts.
The Judicial-Legal Council shall be an independent standing body and shall not depend on legislative, executive and judicial authorities, local self-governments or legal and natural persons in organizational, financial and other matters. The Council operates jointly with legislative, exective and judicial authorities, Bar Association of the Republic of Azerbaijan and scientific organizations.
Link to the website of the Judicial-Legal Council: http://jlc.gov.az/