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UNIFIED JUDICIAL PORTAL Of The Republic of Azerbaijan

State power

https://courts.gov.az/en/main/page/Dovlt-hakimiyyti_3056

2017-07-24 18:05:23

State power

Constitution

 

Continuing long traditions of statehood, the people of Azerbaijan hereby declares proudly its intentions, based on the principles set forth in the Constitutional Act on the state independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan, by wishing the ensuring of the welfare of the entire society and each and every person, establishing justice, freedom and security, understanding its responsibility before the past, present and future generations, and exercising its souverign right:
 
- Protect the independence, souverignty and territorial integrity of the state of Azerbaijan;
 
- Provide guarantees for democratic system under the Constitution;
 
- Achieve the building of a civil society;
 
- Build a legal and secular state that ensures the rule of law as an expression of the people’s will;
 
- Ensure dignified living conditions for all in line with just economic and social regulations;
 
- Live in friendship and peace along with all the nations of the world by remaining loyal to universal values and work mutually in this respect. As set out in article 1 of the Constitution, the only source of state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is the people of AzerbaijanLive in friendship and peace along with all the nations of the world by remaining loyal to universal values and work mutually in this respect. As set out in article 1 of the Constitution, the only source of state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is the people of Azerbaijan.
 
According to article 2 of the Constitution, the right of free and independent determination of their destiny and establishment of their own form of governance is a sovereign right of the Azerbaijani people. The people of Azerbaijan exercise their sovereign right directly—by way of nation-wide voting—referendum, and through their representatives elected based on universal, equal and direct suffrage by way of free, secret and personal voting.
 
According to article 7 of the Constitution, the state of Azerbaijan is a democratic, legal, secular and unitary republic. As regards internal issues, state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is limited only by law, in terms of foreign policy — by provisions deriving from international agreements, wherein the Republic of Azerbaijan is a party to.
 
State power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on the principle of division of powers and is divided into legislative, executive and judicial power. According to provisions of the present Constitution, legislative, executive and judicial powers function on a mutual basis and are independent within the limits of their authority.
 
According to article 12 of the Constitution, the highest goal of the state is to provide human and citizenship rights and liberties.
 
 

State structure

 
The state of Azerbaijan is a democratic, legal, secular and unitary republic. State power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on the principle of division of powers: Milli Majlis (Parliament) of the Republic of Azerbaijan exercises legislative power; Executive power belongs to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan; Courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan exercise judicial power (Article 7 of the Constitution).
 
 

Legislative power

 
Milli Majlis which is a single house parliament exercises legislative power. With 125 deputies, the call term of the Milli Majlis is 5 years(Articles 81 – 82 of the Constitution).
 
 

Executive Power

Head of State

 
Head of the state of Azerbaijan is the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is elected for a 5-year term through general, equal and direct elections, with free, personal and secret ballot. Executive power in the Azerbaijan Republic belongs to the President of the Azerbaijan Republic (Articles 99 and 101 of the Constitution).
 

Head of Government

 
President with the consent of the Milli Majlis appoints a Prime Minister; A Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan shall be established in order to organize the performance of the executive authorities of the President. The Cabinet of Ministers is subordinate to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and is accountable to it (Chapter VI of the Constitution).
 
 

Judicial power

 
Judicial power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is exercised by courts through justice. Judicial power is exercised by the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Courts of Appeal, ordinary and specialized courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan. (Article 125 of the Constitution).