The building of Gobustan District Court
Brief information about the district
Gobustan district is one of the new administrative territorial units founded under the decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1990. Its administrative center is Gobustan city. Gobustan district is one of the administrative districts of the historical province of Azerbaijan called Shirvan. Its first name was Duvanni. Duvanni station came into existence in 1893-1994. In 1901-1905 oil was transported abroad for the first time from Duvanni station. In 1935-1937 Duvanni exploration oil field was commissioned for the first time in Azerbaijan. In 1945-1949 Duvanni was part of Hajigabul district. In 1950-1954 Duvanni district was created. (which included Sangachal, Cheyildagh, Alat and Atbulag settlements). It was given to the administration of Molotov (Garadagh) district again in 1956. The settlement was re-organized as a city type settlement in 1951. In 1972 Duvanni’s name was changed to Gobustan.
The territory of present Gobustan used to be the dwellings of ancient people. There is a Gobustan State Preserve in the area where many carved images on rocks are preserved. Archeological research has shown that the images date back to the 2nd millennium B.C. – the Stone Age. Gobustan district is located to the east of Shamakhi, and in 101 km of Baku. Gobustan, unlike its ordinary look, is rich in plants. 470 types of plants out of 4000 available in Azerbaijan can be found here.
Gobustan District Court started functioning in October 1990 as Gobustan District People’s Court under the auspices of the Ministry of Justice of Azerbaijan SSR based on a decision dated 24 April 1990 issued by the Supreme Council of USSR (presently Gobustan District Court).
The total area of the district is 1.37 thousand km², and it has a population of 41.448 (14 June 2011). There are 178 refugee and IDP families – 471 people settled in Gobustan district as a result of the aggressive policy of Armenian occupiers. The district shares borders with Shamakhi, Khizi, Absheron and Hajigabul districts.